The Future of Philosophical Counseling:

Pseudoscience or Interdisciplinary Field?


Roxana Kreimer, Gerardo Primero





This article aims to criticize Philosophical Counseling, and to explore what changes could be made to solve its main problems. The area of Philosophical Counseling is a practice that involves empirical claims, and those claims should be explored through empirical methods. We'll summarize the criticisms in 7 categories: (1) Lack of evidence that the Philosophical Counseling is beneficial (and not harmful, or ineffective); (2) Lack of training in assessment skills; (3) Professional intrusion (unlicensed practice of psychology); (4) Misconceptions about psychology and psychotherapy; (5) Misconceptions about science and empirical testing; (6) Lack of training in critical thinking and knowledge of cognitive biases; (7) Problems with the arbitrariness of methods and goals. Finally (8), we will suggest some strategies to prevent Philosophical Counseling from becoming a new pseudoscientific practice.


Forthcoming in Practicing Philosophy: New Frontiers, Expanding Boundaries, ed. Lydia Amir, in Cambridge Scholars Publishing : Newcastle on Tyne.